The Many Workplaces of Physicians by Specialty and Subspecialty

When physicians begin to apply for their first job, they typically look into hospitals or private practices within their specialty area, such as family medicine, internal medicine, or pediatric medicine. However, the medical field is such a diverse field so physicians can work in a variety of both clinical and non-clinical settings.

At the point when you are chasing after a profession as a doctor, doctor’s assistant or attendant expert, you will have the valuable chance to pick a forte or part of medication. Every specialty has particular consideration regions, and some might pursue more to you relying upon your inclinations. In this article, we look for the most perceived clinical claims to fame, their essential obligations, and the schooling and preparation expected for each.

As the future improves and the populace ages, more medical services will unavoidably be required. As a matter of fact, the medical care field is anticipated to add more positions to the economy in the approaching 10 years than in some other industries. Furthermore, in charge are the doctors really focusing on a variety of patients and conditions. Here’s a look at some physician specialties that allow physicians to work in a variety of settings. If you are looking for a new position or looking to hire, using a service like The Medicus Firm can help connect you with great opportunities.



Surgery is a common medical specialty that uses operative techniques to treat injuries and diseases. General surgeons have expertise in diagnosing and treating appendicitis, breast tumors, bowel obstruction, colon issues, gallstones, hernias, pancreatitis, and thyroid disorders. There are also specialties within surgery, and this can dictate where a surgeon is employed.


Cosmetic and plastic surgeons usually have their own practice instead of being employed in hospitals like most surgeons. Both cosmetic and plastic surgeons deal with the reconstruction of defects of the face, skin, breasts, and musculoskeletal system. However cosmetic surgeons perform these procedures for aesthetic purposes only, while plastic surgeons do so for both aesthetic and medical purposes.


Thoracic surgery treats conditions of the chest, including the esophagus, trachea, lungs, and even the heart. Cardiologists center around diagnosing, treating, and overseeing cardiovascular circumstances, including hypertension and arrhythmias. While they are viewed as clinically trained professionals, they can likewise zero in on their training on interventional methodology. The majority of thoracic/heart surgeons work in hospital settings.


Urology is its own specialty within medicine, but all urologists are trained as surgeons. They perform both surgical (minimal and invasive) and nonsurgical procedures of the urinary tract and male and female reproductive systems. Urologists are employed in dedicated urology centers as well as hospitals.


Vascular surgery is surgery of the arteries, veins, and the lymphatic system. Stroke and aneurysm victims are their most common patients, so they’re most likely to find employment in hospitals.

Radiation Oncology


Radiation oncology combines radiology (the use of imaging methods to diagnose and treat disease) and oncology (the treatment of benign and malignant tumors). Radiation oncologists use imaging devices such as CT (computed tomography) scans, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans, PET (positron emission tomography) scans, and x-rays, and typically work in radiology centers.

Radiation oncologists can also specialize in different areas. Radiation oncology centers around causes, avoidance and therapy of dangerous illnesses by utilizing high-energy radiation treatment, outputs and imaging. By focusing on radiation portions in unambiguous region of the body, radiation oncologists target sickness cells, like disease, to forestall further development.

Hospice and Palliative Medicine

Hospice and palliative medicine is a specialty within medicine that aims to treat (but not cure) patients suffering from terminal illnesses. This treatment is focused on comfort, and radiation oncologists specializing in palliative medicine can work in both hospital and hospice settings.

Pain Medicine

Pain medicine focuses on the evaluation, treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention of pain associated with various illnesses. Radiation oncologists who specialize in pain medicine treat pain related to cancer.



Psychiatrist vs. Psychologist vs. Therapist

Psychiatrists specialize in the evaluation and treatment of mental and addictive disorders. Many confuse psychiatrists with psychologists, therapists, and counselors, or use these terms interchangeably. Psychiatrists and psychologists diagnose and treat mental disorders, behavioral problems, and learning disabilities in adults and children. Therapists can also diagnose and treat mental health disorders.

Although all three of these professions play a major role in mental health management, only psychiatrists are medical doctors who can prescribe medicine. All can find employment in private practices, psychiatric hospitals, or rehabilitation centers.

Sleep Medicine

Psychiatrists can specialize in sleep medicine, which is the study of sleep disorders and sleep disturbances. They may work alongside neurologists and pulmonologists in sleep laboratories.



Dermatology is the field of medicine associated with diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin, hair, and nails. The majority of dermatologists work in private practices, but those specializing in other areas work in different settings.


This specialization focuses on infectious and immunologic diseases of the skin. Dermatologists specializing in this area typically find employment in lab settings.

Micrographic Dermatologic Surgery

This type of dermatologist focuses more on high-risk skin conditions, such as skin cancer. They perform what is known as micrographic surgery and it involves removing and examining cancer-containing tissue in the skin.

Allergy and Immunology


Allergy and immunology is the specialty of medicine that focuses on allergies and the immune system. Most allergists and immunologists work in private practices, and some even specialize in other areas.

Adult Rheumatology

Rheumatology is the subspecialty of internal medicine that treats diseases of the bones, joints, muscles, and tendons— including autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis.

Pediatric Pulmonology

Pediatric pulmonology is concerned with respiratory diseases in children, particularly asthma as it pertains to allergies and immunology.

Overall, most physicians find employment in hospitals or private practices, but they can also be found working in specialty clinics, laboratory settings, and even academic settings.

About Nina Smith